Prednisone is a type of steroids (corticosteroids) yet different from anabolic ones. Unlike the latter, corticosteroids are not used by bodybuilders and athletes for gaining mass.
There are two types of corticosteroids. These are mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. Prednisone belongs to the last type of steroids. This medication is known for its impressive anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects. As a rule, in the case of stress and inflammation, human organism and the adrenal glands, in particular, produce some special substance – cortisone.
The latter aims to “struggle” against the inflammation in the organism. Prednisone perfectly mimics that substance and serves as a more effective substitute. It suppresses the immune system, controls and decreases the inflammation four times more effectively than cortisol.
Nevertheless, these steroids are not advised to use longer than prescribed. The reason is that it may cause serious interventions in the organism expressed via muscle wasting, ultimate immunosuppression, changes in the bone structure and fluid shifts. Hence, be cautious and take Prednisone only on short-term.
Prednisone was first discovered in the middle of the twentieth century (in the 1950s). Arthur Nobile, the one we owe the discovery of this medication, observed the great effectiveness of the medication in treating arthritis.
However, over half a century has passed and today Prednisone is widely used in the treatment of many other conditions including multiple sclerosis, asthma, ulcerative colitis, serious allergies, skin diseases, lupus, etc.
When taking Prednisone, it is crucial to follow the instructions and the prescription of your doctor. Assuming the dosage of Prednisone prescribed to you might be the same as that prescribed to an acquaintance, you can seriously harm your organism.
The key is that there is no fixed dosage that may be similar to all patients. Prednisone prescribed to you may start with a higher dose and then gradually decrease over days or even weeks.
To avoid overdosing, do never take more Prednisone than was prescribed to you. Just the same way, it is neither recommended to stop taking the medication suddenly nor starting another course without seeing a doctor at first. In all cases, your doctor’s instructions must be strictly followed.
Prednisone is prone to irritating the lining of the patient’s stomach. Therefore, it is essential to take the medication with food. If you still feel discomfort or pain in your stomach, taking an antacid should help. However, if you don’t experience stomach pain relief, consult with your doctor to get a solution.
Among the side effects of Prednisone, weight gaining is counted as the one that irritates the patients the most. The key is that the medication makes one hungry. Excess fat can be noticed on the patient’s face, around his/her abdominal and on the back of the neck. The medication can also result in fluid retention. This may lead to leg swelling and weight gaining.
Another reason not to use Prednisone on long terms is the fact it leads to bone loss and osteoporosis. All these side effects together may turn the patient’s face into a moon-like form! Other side effects which are possible yet not obligatory include skin thinning, stretch marks, facial hair growth.
Breastfeeding women should avoid taking Prednisone, while pregnant women and those who plan to get pregnant must, by all means, take the medication only in their doctors’ prescription.
Children are too receptive to the side effects of Prednisone. Additionally, this medication can suppress their growth and development, be the reason for bad moods and sleeplessness.
Prednisone is also known to affect the level of blood glucose. Therefore, people suffering from diabetes should be aware of this fact not to get startled when seeing not as good results of blood sugar level as they expect while taking the medication.
When taking Prednisone, one should be cautious not to have it interact with other drugs. For instance, Prednisone should not be taken with herbal and OTC preparations. However, the worst interactions of this medication are noticed with anti-infectives including HIV medicines, NSAIDs, anticoagulants, diuretics, immune suppressants, etc.
So, you’d better speak to your doctor before undertaking the treatment with Prednisone in case you have some worries concerning the interaction with the drugs you are already taking. You can also find the information you seek in the drug interaction checker online.