Allergy is a protective reaction of the human immune system towards certain foreign substances into the body. Nowadays, the disease is considered one of the most widespread. There are so many people suffering from allergies that it is considered a global medical problem.
Allergic symptoms develop in response to a contact with the allergens. There are different allergens including but not limited to the pollen of different plants and dust of different nature. Usually, allergens are microscopic. Allergens get into the body of the patient in a variety of ways: through the skin, eyes, airways, and with food.
Patients are allergic to many things like chocolate, nuts, cheese, etc. These are called food allergies. People can also be allergic to house dust, pollen of trees and plants, spores of fungi, particles of wool, animal and bird dander. In this case, these are air-allergens inhaled together with air.
Pollen and spores of different plants most often cause seasonal allergies. The intensity of allergic reaction depends on the concentration of pollen in the air. The pollen and spores of many trees and plants are microscopic compared to the ones of fruit trees pollinated by insects and in sunny weather winds carry it around for many miles. The higher the concentration of pollen in the air, the more patients suffer from a bad allergic reaction.
The type of allergy defines the symptomatic picture and intensity of the disease. The allergic reaction can range from slight to life threatening:
- Respiratory symptoms: sneezing, rhinitis, cough with sputum discharge;
- Tearing and redness of the eyelids and sclera;
- Burning in the eyes area;
- Itching in the nose area;
- Rash on the skin and mucous membranes;
- Itching and scaling of the skin;
- Dyspepsia: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Prednisone is an effective remedy for allergies. It is a prescription drug so you need to see a doctor for a prescription. Prednisone is indicated for severe cases of any allergic reactions. The advantage of the drug is that it practically does not have side effects with a short-term course of treatment.
For example, in case of severe bronchial asthma, Prednisone quickly removes the allergic reaction and restores normal breathing. The same goes for skin diseases caused by an allergic reaction including congenital allergic dermatitis in children and eczema in adults.
Prednisone is practically not used for pollinosis and year-round allergic rhinitis. However, when the disease is severe, and there is a threat of developing another kind of allergic process, short-term administration of Prednisone helps to remove this risk.
One-time use of Prednisone even in very high doses usually does not cause side effects or lead to overdose. The course of treatment and the dosage of the drug depend on the patient’s condition, the disease stage and the individual tolerance of the drug as well as the effectiveness of the selected therapy.
During acute stages of the disease adults on replacement therapy are recommended to take an initial daily dosage of 20-30 mg. For a patient on regular treatment, a daily dose can be up to 10 mg. For children the initial dosage is calculated by a formula: 12 mg per kilogram of weight given 4 to 6 times a day. When the therapeutic effect is achieved, it is necessary to reduce the dosage over 3-5 days gradually. It is dangerous to discontinue the treatment suddenly.
Prednisone is effective for an anaphylactic shock because it activates the production of adrenaline in the body. Also, the drug inhibits the accumulation of immune bodies in the affected area of the body, suppressing phagocytosis and cell enzymes.
It helps to reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process. Don’t take it if you have following contraindications to Prednisone:
- Individual allergy to the drug and its components;
- Vaccination and active form of tuberculosis;
- Viral diseases, generalized mycosis;
- Peptic ulcer in the acute stage and erosive gastritis;
- Herpes, diabetes, insufficient kidney function;
- Severe arterial hypertension;
- Predisposition to thromboembolism.
It should be noted that during pregnancy Prednisone should be used with caution, as it can penetrate the placenta, affecting the fetus.